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About Paubhā Art

The word Paubhā comes from Sanskrit, meaning "divine in flat form.” Paubhā style art can be traced back to the 6th century AD and was created by the indigenous people of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal known as the Newar people or Newari. Thangka painting is Buddhist sacred art, where the painter presents the image of the Buddha on the canvas from a state of

meditation. The image in the painting is then used by others as a visual aid for their own meditation.

 

The Paubhā painting style is vivid, with bold and exaggerated colors, and full of strong rhythm and visual tension. Observers who are proficient in symbols, images and philosophy can read paintings like reading text through study of Paubhā art. The complexity of Paubhā's geometric design and various exquisite figures showcase the artist's skill. As Buddhism flourished in Tibet in the seventh century, the murals in the temples over there were all made by Newar & Tibetan artists, and can still be seen today.

關於Paubhā

Paubhā (पौभा)一詞由梵文演變而來,釋義:「在一個平面上顯現的神或女神。」 在藏傳佛教的文本中,畫師能夠在禪思狀態中將佛之形象呈現於畫布上,唐卡便是基於佛教思想而產生的一種獨特類型的繪畫藝術。畫中的圖像被用作冥想的觀想輔助,也是尼泊爾原住⺠—NAWARI尼瓦爾人的傳統繪畫藝術形式。

 

Paubhā藝術可追溯至公元6世紀,Paubhā畫風形像生動傳神,色彩大膽誇張,富有極強的律動與視覺張力。精通符號、圖像和哲學的觀察者可以透過Paubhā藝術,像閱讀文字一樣閱讀畫作。Paubhā幾何設計的複雜性以及各種精緻的人物形象,證明了藝術家的技巧。在七世紀隨著佛教的於⻄藏興盛,當時寺廟內

的壁畫均由尼泊爾藝術家製作,至今仍能看到,同時Paubhā技藝深深的影響著⻄藏、中國和蒙古的藝術家。

Paubhā style "Green Tara" thangka in the American museum is recognized as a thangka from the 10th to 11th centuries. It is the earliest surviving thangka. It is believed to have been developed by Atiśa from India to Tibet during the Buddhism second propagation period. At the same time, Paubhā style art also deeply influenced artists in China and Mongolia.

一幅現存美國博物館之Paubhā風格《綠度母》唐卡被公認為10至11世紀時期的唐卡作品, 是現存能見的最早的唐卡,被認為是弘法期由阿底峽大師從印度傳到⻄藏。