Manjushri is the Bodhisattva of transcendent wisdom. With Avalokitesvara and Vajrapani he protects the Tathagata family, which includes Buddha Shakyamuni. According to a sacred text Manjushri came from China to Nepal on a pilgrimage. At that time the Kathmandu Valley was a big lake. The legend says that Manjushri saw a strong light coming from a lotus flower in the center of the lake so he cut a gorge with his flaming sword to drain the lake that filled the valley. Since then people could live in the Kathmandu valley and the the majestic Swayambhunath Stupa was build where the lotus flower settled. In this thangka painting he is depicted with yellow skin, holds in his right hand a flaming sword which is the figurative weapon that destroy ignorance and transforms it in transcendent wisdom (fire is symbol of transformation). His left hand is positioned in front of his heart holding the stem of a lotus which bears the Prajnaparamita sutra representing the realization and perfection of wisdom and intelligence.
文殊菩薩德才超群，代表智慧之菩薩。他與觀世音菩薩和金剛手一起護持如來家族，其中包括釋迦牟尼佛。根據經典，文殊菩薩從中國來到尼泊爾朝聖。當時的加德滿都谷地是一個大湖。 相傳文殊師利見湖中央一朵蓮花發出強光，便用“月笑”火劍劃出一道峽谷，將湖水排走，形成了今日的加德滿都谷地。從此人們就可以在加德滿都谷地生活，雄偉的斯瓦揚布納特佛塔就建在蓮花落成的地方。 在這幅唐卡中，他被描繪成黃皮膚的俊美形象，右手拿著一把燃燒的劍，這是摧毀無知並轉化成超凡智慧的象徵武器（火是轉化的象徵）。 左手持蓮花，蓮花上有著代表智慧證悟圓滿的般若波羅蜜多經。